Communication between Server and Agent
Classical operating systems: Checkmk Server triggers Checkmk Agent on Port 6556
An agent reads no data from the network — full stop. Consequently, it is quite impossible that an attacker could sneak any type of command or script element over the monitoring port 6556
- Network devices and other hardware: SNMP v1/v2/v3
- Encrypt the agent output → https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/agent_linux.html#encryption
- TLS connection between server and agent → https://checkmk.com/werk/14089
- Restrict of access over IP-addresses (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/agent_linux.html#security)
- Can be solved with xinetd and systemd
- Invoke agent over ssh https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/agent_linux.html#ssh
- Push the data from agent to server. (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/datasource_programs.html)
The password store holds the passwords you use in your checks and special agents in a central place. Please note that this password store is no kind of password safe. Your passwords will not be encrypted.
All the passwords you store in your monitoring configuration, including this password store, are needed in plain text to contact remote systems for monitoring. So all those passwords have to be stored readable by the monitoring.
- With Checkmk 2.1 the password store is storing the passwords obfuscated, which still is no encryption → https://checkmk.com/werk/13633
User and role concept
Within Checkmk you can define your own roles and restrict to specific permissions (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/wato_user.html#roles)
- Communication from central to remote site via TLS is possible and recommended
- Centralized configuration via HTTPS is possible and recommended
- Restriction of IP addresses allowed querying remote sites is possible and recommended
- If your remote site is not directly accessible via the central Server, you can push the data from the remote to the central Server (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/distributed_monitoring.html#cmcdump)
- This is only for viewing. No actions/Notifications are possible on the central site for this remote site
- The slave and (notification-)master notification spoolers communicate with each other via TCP. Notifications are sent from slave to master. The master acknowledges to the slaves that the notifications have been received, which prevents notifications from being lost even if the TCP connection is broken.
There are two alternatives for the construction of a TCP-connection:
A TCP-connection is configured from central site to remote site: Here the remote site is the TCP-server.
A TCP-connection is configured from remote site to central site: Here the central site is the TCP-server.
- Notification spooler connections can be encrypted with Checkmk 2.1 → https://checkmk.com/werk/13610
The Event Console processes syslog-messages, SNMP traps and other types of events of asynchronous nature.
You can enable automatic agent updates not only from the central site, but also through the remote sites. This can be useful, if the central site is not accessible directly from hosts monitored on a remote site. The remote site acts as a caching proxy here, which receives connections from the hosts and forwards them through HTTPS to the central site, unless the requested agent is already present in the remote sites cache. This enables secure agent updates in distributed environments, while still being efficient on bandwidth.
You can secure your Checkmk GUI with HTTPS (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/omd_https.html)
User management with LDAP (e.g., Active Directory)
Securing LDAP-connections with SSL (https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/ldap.html#ssl)
We have now added the functionality to clean up the host related files to the disk space cleanup mechanism. This mechanism is enabled by default and cleans up all files of not existing hosts that are older than 1 month by default. If you want to disable this automatic deletion or customize the time horizon, you can configure it in the global settings of the Setup using the "Automatic disk space cleanup" option.
SSO & 2FA
- Two-factor authentication will be available with Checkmk 2.1 → https://checkmk.com/werk/13325
- SSO → https://docs.checkmk.com/latest/en/kerberos.html
Used Checkmk Ports